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Beck’s Depression Inventory

The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, BDI-1A, BDI-II), created by Aaron T. Beck, is a 21-question multiple-choice self-report inventory, one of the most widely used psychometric tests for measuring the severity of depression. Its development marked a shift among mental health professionals, who had until then, viewed depression from a psychodynamic perspective, instead of it being rooted in the patient’s own thoughts.

In its current version, the BDI-II is designed for individuals aged 13 and over, and is composed of items relating to symptoms of depression such as hopelessness and irritability, cognitions such as guilt or feelings of being punished, as well as physical symptoms such as fatigue, weight loss, and lack of interest in sex.

Answer the questions below to get your result


 

1.Sadness
2.Hopelessness
3.Past failure
4.Anhedonia
5.Guilt
6.Punishment
7.Self-dislike
8.Self-blame
9.Suicidal thoughts
10.Crying
11.Agitation
12.Loss of interest in activities
13.Indecisiveness
14.Worthlessness
15.Loss of energy
16.Insomnia
17.Irritability
18.Decreased appetite
19.Diminished concentration
20.Fatigue
21.Lack of interest in sex

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